The Book of Isaiah was written in the Kingdom of Judah and his messages are predictive of seven themes:
1. Israel in exile and divine judgment upon Israel’s oppressors.
2. The return from Babylon.
3. The manifestation of Messiah in humiliation (e.g. chapter 53.)
4. The blessing of the gentiles.
5. The manifestation of Messiah in judgment—“The day of vengeance of our God.”
6. The reign of David’s righteous branch in the kingdom-age.
7. The new heavens and the new earth.
There are three prophetic books that were not written in Israel. Daniel is writing from Babylon, while he is captive there under King Nebuchadnezzar. The second is the Book of Ezekiel, which was also written from captivity in the next empire, as Ezekiel writes from Persia. The third book is the last Book of the Bible, the Book of Revelation, written by John, from the Isle of Patmos, which is in the Aegean Sea, between Turkey and Greece.
Those three Books of Prophecy also are unique in that all three are written in symbolism. Many find it difficult to understand the meaning of these prophecies, however, Scripture itself interprets all those symbolisms in one place or another. All you have to do is search the Scriptures and these things begin to fall into place.
Let’s look at the Book of Daniel. Daniel is writing shortly after Nebuchadnezzar has besieged the Jews and taken them back to Babylon. He is now being trained by the Babylonians for service in the king's kingdom. Daniel is brought to pre-eminence by interpreting a dream of the King, which his magicians were unable to interpret for him. There are those that claim the Book of Daniel is not authentic, written by an imposter years after the events had actually happened. Ask them to read Jesus’ own words in Matthew 24:15 - “When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet . . .“ Jesus put His stamp of approval on the Book of Daniel as a Book of prophecy. This Book of Prophecy was written about 606 B.C. and Daniel is going to unleash upon us all the Gentile Empires that will be coming down through history.
Daniel rightly interpreted Nebuchadnezzar’s dream as follows:
"Thou, O king, sawest, and behold a great image. This great image, whose brightness was excellent, stood before thee (the vision of this great image just shook the king to his feet. It was frightening. There was something about it that was beyond human understanding); and the form thereof was terrible."
"This image's head was of fine gold, his breast and his arms of silver, his belly and his thighs of brass, His legs of iron, his feet part of iron and part of clay."
It is interesting if you know anything of mathematics or science at all, you will notice that the highest specific gravity density is at the top. Picture a human torso, and the head, as Nebuchadnezzar dreamed, was pure gold. His chest was of silver, the belly area of brass, the legs of iron, and feet were a mixture of iron and clay. You will immediately see that the specific gravity, the density, is the heaviest at the top, as gold has the highest specific gravity of any of these elements. Then you get down to the iron and clay that has the lowest. Therefore, what you really have is an image, as far as engineering is concerned, that is top heavy. There is no stability to it whatsoever.
"Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands (no human element involved. Now Who does that have to be? A Person in the Godhead. When you have a reference to a rock or stone in Scripture it is Christ), which smote the image upon his feet (we will come back in a moment and explain. This stone, coming out of nowhere, strikes this image. Remember this is speaking in symbolism. It is teaching us a literal truth.) that were of iron and clay, and brake them to pieces."
It is already top heavy, so what happens? That thing just tips right over and this stone just literally rolls it like a steam roller building a highway. It just rolls over all the metals of this great image
"Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold, broken to pieces together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshing floors: and the wind carried them away, that no place was found for them: and the stone (Christ) that smote the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth"
When a mountain is used in Scripture, as it is here, it is always a kingdom. All through Scripture there is only one Kingdom. And it is the Kingdom that Christ will set up on the earth when He returns to become King of Kings and Lord of Lords. Remember the Kingdom is the Kingdom is the Kingdom. Even in His earthly ministry, when He said the Kingdom is within you, theologians have taken that and they have so twisted it out of shape that no one can recognize it. But literally what He was saying is, that in order for us become part and parcel of that literal physical, political Kingdom that is one day coming on the earth, we have to have that inner spiritual relationship with God to become part of it. That's what He meant when He said to Nicodemus in John's Gospel, Chapter 3, "Except a man be born again he cannot see the Kingdom of heaven." And that is so true and this Kingdom of heaven is going to be the Kingdom on earth. It is the same Kingdom.
Today, during the Church Age, we need to look at some Scriptures.
Go to the Book of Colossians. When John the Baptist began his ministry, what was the crux of his message? The Kingdom of Heaven is at hand. What was he talking about? Jesus was just around the corner. He was about to begin His earthly ministry. He is the essence of the Kingdom. It is not a spiritual, ethereal, invisible Kingdom, although that is also involved. This Kingdom is spiritual, it's physical, and it is political. It will come to its fruition when Christ returns and sets it up on the earth. In the interim, since He is no longer on the earth, and we can no longer say the Kingdom of Heaven is at hand; when He went back to heaven, the Kingdom went with him.
"Giving thanks unto the Father, which hath made us meet (or prepared us) to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light: Who (speaking of the Father) hath (past tense) delivered us (believers) from the power of darkness, and hath (already) translated us into the kingdom of his dear Son:"
If you are a child of God today, where are you? In the Kingdom! Now when Christ comes at His second coming and sets up the Kingdom on the earth, where will we be? With Him. And as the New Testament teaches so plainly (Paul, as well as the Book of Revelation), when that Kingdom is set up, if you and I are in the Body of Christ today and we are truly born from above, we are going to rule and reign with Christ over that Kingdom.
So remember the Kingdom is the Kingdom, is the Kingdom. It's spiritual yes; it's physical yes; and it's going to be set up on the earth. When you read Isaiah Chapter 11 how the wolf and the lamb will lie down together, and little children will be playing with them - that's physical. He is going to be King of Kings and Lord of Lords over the whole earth. That's political. Yet, it is going to be a Kingdom of righteousness, holiness, and sinlessness, no death, no curse, and that makes it spiritual. So the Kingdom is all three wrapped up together, but it is still the one and only Kingdom.
Come back to the Book of Daniel. Christ, the Stone, smites all these metals that make up this image, beginning with the feet, and they become like the dust or chaff of a threshing floor that the wind just blows away. In other words, everything that these metals represent will just be blown away, and nothing will be left of it. The Stone becomes a Kingdom, and I like to emphasize the last two or three words of verse 35. Is that Kingdom just going to be in the land of Israel? No, "the whole earth."
****next - More on Nebuchadnezzar’s dream****