With the birth of Abram and his instruction from God to leave his father’s house and take his family to a land designated by God, the nation of Israel was brought into being.
Genesis 12:1 - Now the LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country and from thy kindred, and from thy father’s house, unto a land that I will show thee.
It was then that God made a covenant with Abram . . .
Genesis 12:2 - And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee and make thy name great and thou shalt be a blessing.
This is the future promised to Abram in what is known as the Abrahamic Covenant given by God to the man Abram and was the beginning of the Jewish nation.
Genesis 12:3 - And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee; and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.
From Adam until this time, God was dealing with the human race as his creation through which he could share his love and have it returned by those who believed him.
In Genesis 15:13 the first prophecy was revealed when God said to Abram: …know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years. This is a direct reference to the nations future servitude in Egypt that lasted four hundred years. Genesis 15:14 - And also that nation, when they shall serve, will I judge; and afterward shall they come out with great substance. This is brought to fruition in the book of Exodus, which we will read.
When Abram is ninety-nine years old, God changes the name Abram (high father) to Abraham (father of many nations.)
Genesis 17:5 - Neither shall thy name any more be called Abram, but thy name shall be Abraham; for a father of many nations have I made thee.
Abraham begat Isaac (in whom the line of Christ runs,) Isaac begat Jacob and Jacob had twelve sons that became patriarchs to the twelve tribes of Israel. The youngest son, Joseph, was thought to be favored by Jacob so his brothers conspired and sold him into slavery in Egypt.
The Pharaoh dreamed a dream that could not be interpreted by his magicians but Joseph was asked to interpret the dream and he told the Pharaoh that his dream foretold seven years of plenty followed by seven years of famine. Joseph found favor with the Pharaoh and he was made governor over Egypt.
During the favored years, Joseph stored crops for the time of famine.
In the Book of Acts, Stephen addresses the council and offers a history of the nation of Israel while in captivity in Egypt.
There then came a period of hardship: Acts 7: 11 - Now there came a dearth over all the land of Egypt and the Chanaan, and great affliction: and our fathers found no sustenance. Stephen is talking about Jewish ancestors who formed the nation of Israel. 7:12 - But when Jacob heard that there was corn in Egypt, he sent out our fathers first. Stephen is speaking of the brothers who Jacob sent into Egypt to secure grain for the starving people. Joseph recognized them as his family and made them known to the Pharaoh, Joseph sent for his father Jacob, and they lived in Egypt and the nation multiplied until they threatened to overtake the land.
The Pharaoh died and another took his place and sought evil for Israel. He saw that the nation of Israel had multiplied; Exodus 1:7 - And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them. He feared that they would turn against him so he ordered that all male children born of the Israelites should be killed at their birth.
Into this time, Moses was born and hidden and after three months was placed in a basket and positioned in the reeds to be discovered by the Pharaoh’s daughter who raised him as her own. Stephen tells the council, Acts 7: 22 - And Moses was learned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and was mighty in words and in deeds.
When he was forty years old, Moses sought his brethren, who worked as slaves, and he killed an Egyptian who was mistreating one of the Israelites. Moses told the people that God would deliver them from their captivity and their reaction of disbelief and his fear for his life after killing the Egyptian caused him to flee. Making his home distant from the people, he begat two sons and they lived in the land of Mandian for forty years. Then the Pharaoh died and Moses received the word of god as Stephen recounted for the council:
Acts 7:30 - “… there appeared to him in the wilderness of Mount Sina (Sinai) an angel of the Lord in a flame of fire in a bush.”
The actual event is described in Exodus 3:2 - And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed.
Stephen then reminded the council of what followed: Acts 7:31 - When Moses saw it, he wondered at the sight: and as he drew near to behold it, the voice of the Lord came unto him, 7:32 - Saying I am the God of thy fathers, the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob…”
The prophecy of Genesis 5:13, “…know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years.” was fulfilled after the Israelites were in Egypt four hundred years, Moses as instructed by God, returned to Egypt to lead the people out of bondage, across the Red Sea, and unto the Promised Land.
Genesis 15:14 - And also that nation, when they shall serve, will I judge; and afterward shall they come out with great substance. God promises to judge the Egyptians and ensure that his people, Israel, leave with great wealth. This prophecy was fulfilled upon their leaving.
Exodus 12:35 - And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they borrowed (asked) of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: 12:36 - And the Lord gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they lent (gave) unto them such things as they required. And they spoiled the Egyptians.
In the book of Acts, Stephen then related to the council that Moses was told to lead the people out of the land of Egypt, where they stayed for forty years. During that time, God gave Moses the Ten Commandments.
Moses led the people on to the Promised Land, but was not allowed to enter. After his death, Joshua led the nation into the land promised to Abraham for the Israelites. The gentiles were driven out and the people lived there under various kings until about 1000 BC when David became king.
****Next — Isaiah’ prophecies ****
Posted on Sun, August 4, 2013
by Dale Swanson filed under